The process by which activities are started, directed and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met.
In fact, the term motivation is derived from the Latin word ’movere’, referring to “movement of activity”.
Nature of Motivation:
Most of our daily life activities explain in term of ” motives”. Motives helps in making prediction about behaviour.
For example: A person will work hard in schools, in sports, in business, in music and in many other situations, if she/he has a very strong need of achievement.
Hence, motives are the general states that enables us to make prediction about behavior in many different situations.
In other words, motivation is one of the determinants of “Behaviour, Instinct, Derives, Needs, Goal and Incentives” comes under the broad cluster of motivation
We can explain this motivational cycle by taking an example of “FOOD” Every thing starts with a “Need”. So, the first step is need (food). Then, Food is become now our motive/drive. To get our motive on time , we are taking stress/arousal.
All the activities, which we done to achieve that motive is called as “Goal-Directed Behaviour”. If we get the food, then a stage comes i.e Reduction of Arousal (highly motivated)
If not get the desired need (food) then people get frustrated which is not so long… So, all the steps get repeated.
Types of Motivation:
Basically there are two types of motivation:
Extrinsic Motivation: A person performs an action because it leads to an outcome i.e any kind of reward or punishment.
Intrinsic Motivation: A person performs an action because the act is fun, challenging, or satisfying in an internal manner.
Types of Motives:
Basically there are 2 types of motives:
1. Biological/Inborn/Primary Motives
2. Psychosocial/Acquired/Secondary Motives
BIOLOGICAL MOTIVES: These are the motives which focusses on primary needs of a person.
e.g hunger, thirst etc.
PSYCHOSOCIAL MOTIVES: These are the motives which focusses on needs, other than primary needs.
e.g power, position, safety etc.